is kennel cough in dogs?
Questions and answers about what is kennel cough in dogs.
"Kennel cough" seems to imply this respiratory infection of dogs
originates in a kennel setting when, in fact, it can be present
anywhere numbers of dogs are in a group environment. Correctly
called Canine Cough or Canine Infectious Tracheobronchitis, direct
contact with an infected dog is not required for transmission
because offending organisms can be carried on airborne dust,
moisture and various objects.
Call your local
veterinarian if your dog or cat is sick!
Question: I have a ten year old
Bulldog and he's in pretty good health. I walk him daily and he
vet suggests vaccination every year for "kennel cough"...
Bordetella, I think it's called... but why should I give Barker that
vaccine if he seldom goes anywhere?
He's never had a problem with this infection so
vaccine... Bordetella... why use Very good and reasonable
questions! A few important points are listed:
Canine Cough is caused by 2 to 3 organisms, mainly Bordetella
bronchiseptica bacteria and two viruses called parainfluenza virus, and
canine adenovirus type 2. Usually in combination these organisms invade
the epithelial cells lining the upper airway of the chest and
neck. The mucous producing lining cells of the trachea and
bronchii become irritated, damaged, and secrete more than ordinary
amounts of mucous in attepting to shield themselves from the invading
The lung tissue is seldom involved so this infection is not considered
a "pneumonia"; however, some dogs under stress from other health or
environmental conditions can develop pneumonia and become very
1.) Any age dog may not have sufficient immunity to ward off
exposure to the disease. Vaccination is your best way of assuring
2.) Dogs at highest risk for complications from Bordetella
bronchiseptica bacreria infection are short-faced breeds (called brachycephalic) due to their
crowded airway anatomy, older dogs, and dogs with heart or breathing
3.) It can take up to three weeks of discomfort, coughing and
retching before relief comes with recovery and there is no medication to
eliminate the viruses often part of the Canine Infectious
4.) Your dog can pass on the infection for 2 to 4 weeks after he
seems recovered, and therefore can pose a threat to other dogs even though
he appears normal!
In a high
percent of cases, Bordetella is not considered a dangerous disease as
are such preventable diseases as Distemper and Parvovirus infection.
Doctor's Notes There has been a resurgence of
Distemper virus in some communities so pay attention to your dog's
Do not... buy or administer vaccines on your
own. If your dog has a reaction, how will you be able to administer
immediate appropriate counter measures?
if given accidentally by injection the intranasal
Bordetella vaccine could create a serious systemic infection.
is now available and may be easiest to administer.
Most dogs with "kennel cough" continue to play, eat and move about but
display a persistent deep, dry cough that can be quite relentless for
several days. Fever us susally not associated with these patients;
some do need medications shch as antibiotics, antihistamine or cough
on an image to view a larger version in a new window
term "Kennel cough" is misleading because contagion can
correct term is Canine Infectious Tracheobronchitis, also called
Bordetella, a combination of a bacterium and two viruses that
affect the upper respiratory tract.
kennel operators require vaccination against "kennel
cough", also called Bordetella, prior to a stay in a kennel
two different types of vaccines. One type is delivered only
by injection under the skin; the other only by administering drops
in the nasal passages.
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Question: What does kennel
cough... or Bordetella... look and sound like? My dog is
hacking a lot and it has been going on for months.
Answer: "Kennel cough", an infection caused mainly by
a bacteria organism called Bordetella, generally runs its course over 10 to 20
your dog has been hacking, not coughing, and it has been doing this as long as
two months, it is highly unlikely to be "kennel cough". Your veterinarian should get involved right away!
Video of a dog with
Canine Infectious Tracheobronchitis... aka "kennel cough".
to related topics
"Kennel Cough" can be spread even without direct
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